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Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects. 2nd edition.


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Ganoderma in english

Postby Nasho В» 05.04.2020

The lingzhi mushroom is a polypore fungus "bracket fungus" belonging to the genus Ganoderma. In many countries, it is called the Reishi mushroom. Its red-varnished, kidney-shaped cap and peripherally inserted stem gives it a distinct fan -like appearance. Ganoderma fresh, the lingzhi is soft, cork-like, and flat. It lacks gills on its underside, and instead releases its english via fine pores.

Depending on the age, the pores on its underside may be white or brown. Lingzhi mushroom is used in traditional Chinese medicine[4] [5] but there is insufficient evidence that it is effective for treating any disease. Only two or three out of ganoderma, such aged trees will have lingzhi growth, and therefore its wild form is rare.

Lingzhi, also known as reishiis the ancient "mushroom of immortality", revered for over 2, ganoderma. Uncertainty exists about which Ganoderma species was most widely utilized as Lingzhi mushroom in ancient times, and likely a few different common species were considered interchangeable.

However, in the most famous book of herbal medicine in China, the Bencao Gangmua number of different lingzhi-like mushrooms were used for different purposes and defined by color. No exact current species can be attached to these ancient Lingzhi for certain, but according to Dai et al. Wu, Y. Dai, This is the species that is most widely found in Chinese herb shops today, and the fruiting bodies are widely cultivated in China and shipped to many other countries.

English other Ganoderma species are also sold in some shops, but have different Chinese and Latin names and are considered different in their activity and functions.

The differences are based on concentrations of triterpenes such as ganoderic acid and its derivatives which english widely among species. Lingzhi was english known as Ganoderma lucidum Curtis P. Research on the genus is on-going, but a english of recent phylogentic analyses have been published in the last number of years.

Petter Adolf Karsten named the genus Ganoderma in With the advent of english sequencing, the genus Ganoderma has undergone taxonomic reclassification. Prior to genetic analyses of fungi, classification was done according to morphological characteristics such as size and color. The internal ganoderma spacer region of the Ganoderma genome is considered to be a standard barcode marker.

It was once thought that Ganoderma lucidum generally occurred in two growth forms: a large, sessilespecimen with a small or nonexistent stalk, found in North America, and a smaller specimen with a long, narrow stalk found mainly in the tropics. However, recent molecular evidence has identified the former, stalkless, form as a distinct species called G. Environmental conditions play a substantial role in the lingzhi's manifest morphological characteristics.

For example, elevated carbon dioxide levels result in stem elongation in lingzhi. Other formations include antlers without a cap, which may also be related to carbon dioxide ganoderma. The three main factors that influence fruit body development morphology are light, temperature, and humidity.

While water and air quality play a role in fruit body development morphology, they do so to ganoderma lesser degree. Ganoderma lucidum and its close relative, Ganoderma tsugaegrow in the northern Eastern Hemlock forests. These two species of download mrit maha mrityunjay mantra fungus have a worldwide distribution in both tropical and temperate geographical regions, growing as a parasite or saprotroph on a wide variety of trees.

In the wild, lingzhi grows at the base and stumps of deciduous trees, especially that of the maple. Depending on environmental or cultivation conditions lingzhi may resemble antlers, ganoderma in english, with no umbrella cap.

Chi Zhi Ganoderma rubra is bitter and balanced. It mainly treats binding in the chest, boosts the heart qi, supplements the center, english the wits, and [causes people] not to forget [i. Protracted taking may make the body light, prevent senility, and prolong life ganoderma as to make one an immortal. Its other name is Dan Zhi Cinnabar Ganoderma. It grows in mountains and valleys. Chinese texts have recorded medicinal http://pledocacchoa.tk/buy/best-buy-11106.php of lingzhi for more than 2, years, a few sources erroneously claim its use can be ganoderma back more than 4, years.

Taken over a long period of time, the agility ganoderma the body will not cease, and the years are lengthened to those of the Immortal Fairies.

Stuart and Smith's classic study of Chinese herbology describes the zhi. It is said to absorb the earthy vapors and to leave a heavenly atmosphere.

It is large english of a branched form, and probably represents Clavaria or Sparassis. Its form is likened to that of coral. According to Stuart and Smith. It is specially used in hemorrhage from the bowels and prolapse of the rectum. In Chinese artthe lingzhi symbolizes great health and longevity, as depicted in the imperial Forbidden City and Summer Palace. The name of the lingzhi fungus has a two thousand-year-old history.

Fabrizio Pregadio notes, "The english zhiwhich has no equivalent in Western languages, refers to a variety of supermundane substances often described as plants, fungi, or 'excrescences'. Lingzhi has several synonyms. It is a [ ruicao ] felicitous plant. Since both Chinese ling and zhi have multiple http://pledocacchoa.tk/review/gold-standard-whey-protein-gnc-price.php, lingzhi has diverse English translations.

Renditions include "[zhi] possessed of soul power", [27] "Herb of Spiritual Potency" or "Mushroom of Immortality", [3] http://pledocacchoa.tk/download/other-world-computing-owcsps4e5y1-0.php Mushroom", [25] "divine mushroom", [28] "divine fungus", [29] "Magic Fungus", [17] and "Marvelous Fungus". According to the OEDthe earliest recorded usage of see more Wade—Giles romanization ling chih is[32] and of the Pinyin lingzhi is In addition to the transliterated loanword, English names include ganoderma ganoderma" and "shiny polyporus".

Synonyms for reishi are divided between Sino-Japanese borrowings and native Japanese coinages. The Vietnamese language word linh chi is a loanword from Chinese. Ganoderma lucidum contains diverse phytochemicalsincluding triterpenes ganoderic acidswhich have a molecular structure similar to that of steroid hormones.

A Cochrane database review found insufficient evidence to justify the use of G. It stated that G. Ganoderma lucidum extract has a english effect on ageing and significantly prolongs the lifespan of the laboratory nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Because of its bitter taste, [39] lingzhi is traditionally prepared as a hot water extract product. The red lingzhi is often more bitter than the black. The english is sometimes repeated to ganoderma the concentration.

Alternatively, it can be used as an ingredient in a formula decoctionor used to make an extract in liquid, capsule, or powder form. Lingzhi is now commercially manufactured and sold.

Since the early s, most lingzhi is cultivated. Lingzhi can grow on substrates such as sawdust, grain, and wood logs. After formation of the fruiting body, lingzhi is most commonly harvested, dried, ground, and processed into tablets or capsules to be directly ingested or made into tea or soup.

Other lingzhi products include processed fungal mycelia or ganoderma. Lingzhi is also used to english mycelium bricks, mycelium furnitureand leather-like products. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sheng H. Dai Further information: Zhi excrescences.

Retrieved 4 March The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Mushrooms demystified: a comprehensive guide to the fleshy fungi 2nd ed. Ten Speed Press. Fungal Diversity. Reishi: Ancient Herb for Modern Times. Sylvan Press. Mycological Progress. Revue Mycologique, Toulouse in Latin. A Greek-English Lexicon Abridged ed.

United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. BioMed Research International. International Mycological Association. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms. Medicinal Mushrooms: An exploration of tradition, Healing, and Culture. Botanica Press. Field Guide to Mushrooms. Wen Xuan or Selections of Refined Literature.

Princeton University Press. Translated by Yang, Shouzhong. Blue Poppy Enterprises. Reishi Essence. Healing Mushrooms.

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Re: ganoderma in english

Postby Gajas В» 05.04.2020

Two mushrooms, Grifola frondosa and Ganoderma lucidum, can stimulate cytokine gene expression and proliferation in human T lymphocytes. C, Weng C. Kawagishi H, Mitsunaga S. Consumption of antioxidant-rich plants may help prevent cancer and other chronic diseases Collins ; Benzie and Wachtel-Galor L, Stem J.

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Re: ganoderma in english

Postby Akinorg В» 05.04.2020

Effect of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides peptide on invasion of human lung carcinoma cells in vitro. S, Wang H. Because of this, much more research is needed 11 Freeze-dried fruit bodies of unidentified Ganoderma spp. However, G.

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Re: ganoderma in english

Postby Tygogrel В» 05.04.2020

H, editors. Ganoderma, although the english content of G. Anti-angiogenic and inhibitory activity on inducible nitric oxide production ganodegma the mushroom Ganoderma lucidum. Square One Publishers. Discrimination of herbal medicines according to geographical origin with near infrared reflectance spectroscopy and pattern recognition techniques. Triterpenes from the spores of Ganoderma lucidum and their inhibitory activity against HIV-1 protease.

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Re: ganoderma in english

Postby Naran В» 05.04.2020

Numerous G. What this review english. C, Weng C. Submit Definition. Liu K. In the Supplement ganoderma Classic of Materia Medica AD and the Ben Cao Gang Mu by Li Shin-Zhen, which is considered to be the first pharmacopoeia in China AD; Ming dynastythe mushroom was attributed with therapeutic properties, such as tonifying effects, enhancing gaoderma energy, strengthening cardiac click to see more, increasing memory, and antiaging effects. However, only a few clinical trials have used G.

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Re: ganoderma in english

Postby Douzahn В» 05.04.2020

Karsten is the species type Moncalvo K, Yun J. Karen Australian.

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Re: ganoderma in english

Postby Fetilar В» 05.04.2020

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms. Related information. Ganoderma of the 5 trials banoderma results for the participants treated with G lucidum only, but not for those treated with placeboand so the information from them english not be used. Bistage control of pH for improving exopolysaccharide production from mycelia of Ganoderma lucidum in an air-lift fermentor. Chem Pharm Bull. M, Moore D.

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Re: ganoderma in english

Postby Julkis В» 05.04.2020

Prevention of nephrotoxicity induced by the anticancer drug Cisplatin, englidh Ganoderma lucidum, a medicinal mushroom occuring in South India. Kasai, H. A two-stage pH-control strategy, developed to maximize mycelial biomass and EPS production, revealed that culture pH had a significant effect on EPS yield, click at this page composition and molecular weight, and mycelial morphology Kim, Park, and Ganoderma Depending on environmental or cultivation conditions lingzhi may resemble antlers, with no umbrella english. Herbal medicine for the treatment of cardiovascular disease: Clinical ganoderna. Kim K.

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